Category: Child Health

This section talking about importance of child health, child health articles,child health problems,child health wikipedia,child health care,child health and nutrition.objective of child health and child health pdf.

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How to battle kid's mental illnesses!

How to battle kid's mental illnesses!

215 Views 26,June 2019

If you have been actively following the hashtag ‘mental health’ on social media, you might have witnessed a stark contrast in the way people are approaching psychiatric disorders. They are finally feeling brave enough to embrace their battles with mental health conditions, even if they are doing so in hushed voices. However, it does not change the fact that the fear and stigma related to mental health conditions are still intact and prohibit people from reaching out. They simply suffer in silence, instead of seeking help. This is why it is extremely important to start talking about mental illnesses, in the same way, we address physical conditions. Mental health conditions in kids Mental health problems in children need to be dealt with extreme care and caution, just like adults. These can be simple situations like being scared of a particular subject in school to more complex and distressful situations like facing bullying and social anxiety. Since going to therapy and talking to mental-health experts are still considered a taboo, it is crucial that counselling is accessible to children, right in the comfort of their classrooms. Engaging distressed students in a much-needed dialogue in a place where they feel secure will help them process whatever they are undergoing. More importantly, educating children about mental health conditions, right off the bat will enable them to cope with circumstances in an effective manner. Think about it. If a school counsellor intervenes at the right time, it can enhance the effectiveness of the treatment and nip the problem in its bud. Multifaceted benefits of early counselling Children and teenagers these days are often under tremendous pressure of academia, coupled with the desire to lead a ‘LIT’ social life. The rat-race of getting admission in the best college to the rapid growth of technology, which is injecting social media consumption in their veins, the kids need someone to confide in and guide them. After all, hiding behind their smartphone screens, our children are actually tremendously alone. The bottom line According to the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), only 3 per cent of private schools in India have a dedicated counsellor, in spite of the CBSE guideline making it perfectly clear that it is mandatory for schools to have one. This is startling considering a report by WHO which clearly claims that for every 1 million people, there are just 3 psychiatrists and even fewer psychologists.

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In india A Mystery Disease Is Killing Children

In india A Mystery Disease Is Killing Children

191 Views 26,June 2019

Every year, a mysterious disease stalks the area around the eastern Indian city of Muzaffarpur, killing children seemingly at random — there, and nowhere else. It mostly afflicts poor children younger than 10. They go to sleep apparently healthy, and wake up with a high fever and brain swelling that leads to convulsions, seizures and, in a third of the cases, death — often within 24 to 36 hours. Two years ago, researchers declared the mystery solved, saying that the cause was the prized lychee fruit that grows around this area during the hottest months of the year. A chemical in the lychee caused hypoglycemia, a catastrophic fall in the child’s blood sugar, when consumed on an empty stomach, they found. That was more likely to happen to a poorly nourished child with no reserves of glucose, the chemical form that sugar takes to be digested by the body. As a result of research sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control in the United States, published in the respected British medical journal The Lancet in 2017, the health authorities began to warn families to make sure that children did not eat lychee without a meal. Cases plummeted from hundreds each season to only a few dozen. Until this year. There have been hundreds of cases again — 719 as of Monday, with 152 deaths — all among poor children here in the Muzaffarpur lychee belt, in a heavily populated area of Bihar State. And this time, doctors say they are finding many cases in which lychees were not a factor. The treatment epicenter is the Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital in Muzaffarpur, where 102 of the deaths this year occurred. That amounts to a 27 percent fatality rate for the disease at that hospital, according to BrajMohan, the doctor in charge of a pediatric recovery ward there. On Friday, there were 65 children sharing 40 beds in his ward, and 16 mattresses in a corridor accommodated 30 others. Those were the lucky ones, who survived the hospital’s three pediatric intensive care units. Most of the children who got sick this time were younger than 5, and many were only 1 or 2 and still breastfeeding, said Dr. BrajMohan, who uses just one name. “They were hardly eating lychees at that age,” he said. Many other doctors and officials at the hospital are also skeptical about the lychee theory. “It must be some sort of virus or bacteria, we just haven’t detected it yet,” said J.P. Mandal, who, like Dr. BrajMohan, is a pediatrician and a medical professor. “You have to transport samples to labs at minus 80 degrees Celsius, when the temperatures outside are 45 degrees — no wonder we haven’t found it,” he added. (Forty-five degrees Celsius is 113 degrees Fahrenheit.) There is even disagreement over the name of the disease. Scientists call it acute encephalopathy syndrome, or A.E.S., while Indian officials insist on calling it acute encephalitis syndrome. Encephalitis suggests an infectious agent, and the disease is similar to Japanese encephalitis, a mosquito-borne disease also prevalent in east India. But decades of searching have failed to find any microbe responsible for what locals often just call the “lychee disease.” Even during seasons when hundreds fall ill, there are not clusters of cases of among families or communities — usually just one in a village, which undermines the infectious disease theory. But if lychees are to blame, some ask, why are there no cases in other lychee-growing areas in India, or in other countries, for that matter? And what accounts for the deaths among children too young to eat fruit, or the ones that have occurred outside of lychee season? “Why we’re having so many cases of hypoglycemia needs investigation,” said the superintendent of Sri Krishna Hospital, Sunil Kumar Shahi. “But the lychee has no relation to it.”

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6 Tips for Baby Tooth Care

6 Tips for Baby Tooth Care

230 Views 04,June 2019

Take Care of Them Right Away
Once the teeth begin coming in, start taking care of them right away. Many parents think baby teeth aren't important because they're eventually replaced by permanent ones. But these first teeth preserve the spacing for the permanent ones and help Baby chew and talk. If they're not cared for properly they can decay, leading to a gum infection called gingivitis, which can affect the spacing of permanent teeth.

Avoid Cavities
The first signs of cavities in baby teeth are discoloration and minor pitting. Putting Baby to bed with a bottle of milk (or worse, juice) is notorious for causing cavities. Don't leave your infant with a bottle for long periods of time, especially if you notice he's no longer feeding and is just using the bottle for comfort.

Brush With Toothpaste At Age 2
Once Baby's teeth have grown in, it's time to start brushing! Use a small smear of fluoride toothpaste (about the size of a grain of rice) and brush those chops twice a day.

Brush With Toothpaste At Age 2
Once Baby's teeth have grown in, it's time to start brushing! Use a small smear of fluoride toothpaste (about the size of a grain of rice) and brush those chops twice a day.

Regulate Baby's Fluoride Intake
Even though your baby isn't using a fluoride toothpaste, he should get enough fluoride -- important for preventing tooth decay -- from drinking tap water. Most communal water supplies have it added just for this beneficial purpose. Ask your doctor about fluoride supplements Baby can take once he's 6 months old if your tap water is not fluoridated or your child doesn't drink any tap water.

Schedule a Dental Exam
The American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that Baby get his first dental exam at age 1, or when his first tooth appears.
If you take good care of this first set of pearly whites, you can establish good dental habits for years to come.

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12 Great Tips for Moms with Newborn Babies

12 Great Tips for Moms with Newborn Babies

223 Views 04,June 2019

Don't Hush-A-Bye-Baby
You don't have to be quiet while the baby is sleeping. The womb is loud, and newborns are used to the noise. When ours first came home, we watched television and I would vacuum, wash dishes and talk on the phone around her while she slept. She got used to sleeping with noise, and I could get stuff done. I am still able to vacuum in her room while she sleeps (she is 14 months), and she is peaceful and well rested when she wakes up.
Jennifer, mom of one in Stafford, VA

Soothe Your Wailing Newborn
When my baby cries, I comfort her by patting her back in a heartbeat-like rhythm. That helps her burp more quickly, and it also helps her relax if she's crying from insecurity. If this doesn’t work, I also try one or all of Dr. Harvey Karp's five calming moves: swaddling, shushing, holding her on her side, swinging her or letting her suck. Sometimes it takes all six!
Anna., mom of one in National City, CA
Help Get Your Baby to Latch
If you are having latch-on issues while breastfeeding your baby, you can use breast shields to help the process. This was a wonderful tip that I learned from my lactation consultant. I had to use the shields for an entire month before my baby would latch onto my own nipple without them. Had it not been for the breast shields, I would not have been able to continue nursing my baby.
April, mom of one in Henderson, NV

Get Prepped
At 3 weeks, babies’ days and nights become more predictable, and you can focus on yourself in addition to your newborn. One way to do that is by reducing your stress level - and having everything ready for your hungry baby and yourself is one way to do that. Start by prepping for the next feeding as soon as the previous one is over. For example, after an 11 p.m. feeding, get ready for the 2 a.m. one by prepping whatever you need for feeding and putting out fresh drinking water for yourself so you don’t have anything to think about in the middle of the night. During the day, take advantage of the baby’s naps to work out, shower or catch up on e-mail, or take a nap too.
Paula, mom of one in Littleton, CO

Keeping Your Baby Awake During Feedings
When our baby was eating slowly and sleepily, my husband and I would massage her cheek to stimulate her to eat faster. A gentle stroke with a fingertip on her cheek was all it took, and on those long sleepless nights, this simple trick was a godsend! Our friends have found it works great with their infants too. When babies eat efficiently until they're full before going to sleep, they sleep for longer between feedings. And that means you’re both likely to be calmer!
Elizabeth, mom of one in Virginia Beach, VA

Help Your Baby Bond with Dad
Make sure your baby has ample time alone with Daddy. His touch and voice are different than yours, and this will begin a bonding process and give you a break. Plus, it gets the baby used to being with someone other than you. The first few times can be hard. Make sure your baby is fed and well rested, as this will give you at least one or two hours before you're needed again. Then leave Dad and the baby alone. If you stay nearby, make sure the baby can’t see or hear you, and resist the urge to go into the room and "fix" things if she starts crying. Your baby cries with you and you experiment to find out what's wrong. Dads need time to do this too - in their own way. By allowing this time, your child will learn there is more than one way to receive comfort, which will help immensely when you leave your baby with a sitter or another family member for the first time. You could have your partner bathe her, put her to bed or just read or talk to her.
Tiffany, mom of one in Colorado Springs, CO

Crib Comfort
When my daughter was 3 weeks, she liked to sleep only on me. Every time I put her in her bassinet after she fell asleep on me, she would wake up. I realized she probably liked the warmth. So I started wrapping a blanket around a heating pad and letting it warm up her bed while I fed her. After she was done and had fallen asleep, I removed the heating pad and slipped the baby between the folds of the warm blanket. She would snuggle right in. Prewarming a blanket in the dryer also works.
Pam, mom of one in Newnan, GA

Sleep Trick
When our baby was around 3 weeks old, she would cry and fuss because she was having a hard time falling asleep. One day, we started rubbing her nose, and it worked. In fact, it worked every time. We would start at the top and stroke it straight down to the tip, over and over. Her eyes would grow heavy and eventually close. She is now 4 months old and it still works.
Hannah, mom of one in Mackinaw, IL

Let Your Baby Lead The Way
Being a first-time parent can be stressful - especially when everyone wants to put in their two cents and what they're telling you doesn't feel right. As soon as I came home with my baby, my friends and relatives started giving me advice (more like demands) on how to raise her - they wanted me to do everything on schedule. It was nerve-racking, but I learned to ignore it and remember that this is my child. I couldn't bear the thought of hearing him cry in hunger because it hadn’t been three hours since his last feeding. If you let your baby - not someone else - tell you when he is hungry or tired, you will find that he (and you!) will be much happier and healthier.
Alena, mom of one in Palm Beach Gardens, FL

Baby's First Baths
After the baby's umbilical cord stump falls off (generally by week 3), you’ll finally be able to give her a real bath. To keep the baby warmer, more comfortable and less likely to cry, place a warm washcloth over her tummy during the bath. It makes all the difference between a happy water baby and a miserable one. Also, if your house is on the colder side, turn up the heat a little before the bath so the cold air won't be as much of a shock after the bath. These tips made all the difference for my little girl - she loves bath time.
Rachel, mom of one in Los Gatos, CA

Another Reason Babies Cry
People always say that babies cry because they want food, their diaper needs to be changed, they're bored, etc., but they always leave out that the baby might be cranky because he's tired. Our son used to go nuts during his first month, and we tried everything to calm him. It turned out that what he really needed was less stimulation and more sleep. Sometimes babies really need less - not more - from you.
Kim, mom of one in Glendale, NY

Layer Your Baby's Crib
When a baby has a diaper blowout or upset tummy in the middle of the night, it can be hard on both mom and baby to have to completely unmake the crib or bassinet and change all the sheets - and all the fussing makes it that much harder to get the baby back to sleep. So I put two layers of sheets and waterproof mattress covers on the crib mattress at a time (mattress cover, sheet, mattress cover, sheet). That way, we can just pull off the top two layers, change her and put her back in bed. No fumbling for clean bedclothes - and no 2 a.m. laundry detail!
Jerrie, mom of one in Lonoke, AR

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Three genes form the 'recipe' for children born with severe heart defects, scientists discover

Three genes form the 'recipe' for children born with severe heart defects, scientists discover

158 Views 03,June 2019

A trio of gene mutations are a recipe for disastrous, deadly congenital heart disease, a new study has found. About one percent of all children born with congenital heart disease, condition that causes lifelong - and sometimes fatal - heart dysfunction. Scientists have long suspected that this form of heart disease is at least partially genetic, but the exact cause and DNA have remained unclear, until now. By studying the genomes of a family with several children that suffer the disease, Gladstone Institutes have discovered three gene mutations they believe causes congenital heart disease.

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Children who nap have more self-control, grit

Children who nap have more self-control, grit

165 Views 03,June 2019

Kids who take 30-to-60 minute mid-day naps at least three times a week are happier and have more self-control and grit. They also display fewer behavioural problems as compared to children who skip afternoon naps, a study says.
Published in the SLEEP journal, the study revealed strong connections between the afternoon shut-eye sessions and positive outcomes in a handful of areas in the overall development of kids.
"A study of nearly 3,000 fourth, fifth, and sixth graders ages 10-12 revealed a connection between midday napping and greater happiness, self-control, and grit; fewer behavioural problems; and higher IQ, the latter particularly for the sixth graders. The most robust findings were associated with academic achievement," said Adrian Raine, professor at the University of Pennsylvania in the US.
"Children who napped three or more times per week benefit from a 7.6 per cent increase in academic performance in Grade," Raine said. During the study, from each of 2,928 children, the researchers collected data about napping frequency and duration once the children hit grades four through six, as well as outcome data when they reached grade six, including psychological measures like grit, happiness and physical measures.
The research team also asked teachers to provide behavioural and academic information about each student. They then analysed associations between each outcome and napping, adjusting for sex, grade, school location, parental education, and nightly time in bed.
"Many lab studies across all ages have demonstrated that naps can show the same magnitude of improvement as a full night of sleep on discrete cognitive tasks. Here, we had the chance to ask real-world, adolescent school children questions across a wide range of behavioural, academic, social, and physiological measures," said Sara Mednick, associate professor at the University of California. "The more students sleep during the day, the greater the benefit of naps on many of these measures, " she added.

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